Conservation and Management of Whitebark Pine Ecosystems
Whitebark pine (Pinus albicaulis Engelm.), an important component of western high-elevation forests, has been declining in both the United States and Canada from the combined effects of the exotic disease white pine blister rust (caused by the pathogen Cronartium ribicola), mountain pine beetle (Dendroctonus ponderosae) outbreaks, altered fire regimes, and climate change. These combined threats have led to the recent listing of whitebark pine as a highpriority Candidate Species under the Endangered Species Act. This reference presents general guidelines for planning, implementing, and evaluating whitebark pine conservation and management activities on lands administered by the Bureau of Land Management.
To read the technical reference, please click on the photo and access the PDF.